CURRICULUM OF LL.B. PART-I, II & III AS PER HIGHER EDUCATION COMMISSION PAKISTAN

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CURRICULUM OF LL.B. PART-I, II & III AS PER HIGHER EDUCATION COMMISSION PAKISTAN

LLB I
PAPER-I JURISPRUDENCE
PAPER-II ISLAMIC JURISPRUDENCE
PAPER-III CONSTITUTIONAL LAW-I
PAPER-IV LAW OF CONTRACT
PAPER-V LAW OF TROTS
PAPER-VI CRIMINAL LAW
PAPER-VII LAW OF EQUITY AND SPECIFIC RELIEF



LLB II
PAPER-I CONSTITUTIONAL LAW-II
PAPER-II ADMINISTRATIVE LAW
PAPER-III COMPANY LAW
PAPER-IV LAW OF TRANSFER OF PROPERTY
PAPER-V MUSLIM PERSONAL LAW
PAPER-VI PUBLIC INTERNATIONAL LAW
PAPER-VII CONSTITUTIONAL HISTORY OF PAKISTAN

LLB III
PAPER-I LAW OF CIVIL PROCEDURE
PAPER-II CRIMINAL PROCEDURE CODE AND MEDICAL JURISPRUDENCE
PAPER-III LAW OF EVIDENCE AND LEGAL ETHICS
PAPER-IV LEGAL DRAFTING
PAPER-V INTERPRETATION OF STATUTES

OPTIONAL PAPERS:
OPTIONAL PAPER-I: INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY LAWS
OPTIONAL PAPER-II ENVIRONMENY LAW
OPTIONAL PAPER-III BANKING LAWS
OPTIONAL PAPER-IV LABOUR LAW
OPTIONAL PAPER-V: TAXATION LAWS
OPTIONAL PAPER-VI LAND OF LAWS
OPTIONAL PAPER-VII: MINOR ACTS

RECOMMENDED WEBSITES

Back to Top Paper-I JURISPRUDENCE
(100 MARKS)
Course Contents
The Science of Jurisprudence as subject
Meanings
Definitions
Kinds of Jurisprudence
Relation of Jurisprudence with other social sciences
The Nature of Law
The Administration of Justices
The Source of Law
Legislation
Precedent
Custom
Legal Rights
Ownership
Possession
Persons
Titles

BOOKS RECOMMENDED

Jurisprudence by John Salmond edited by Fritz Gerald (latest edition).
Jurisprudence by Hibbert (latest edition).
Jurisprudence by Dennis Lloyds (Steven and sons Ltd., London).
Jurisprudence by CW Paton
Justice (R) Z A Channa, Precedents

ADDITIONAL BOOKS
Muhammadan Jurisprudence by Sir Abdurrahim.
Phalspha Shariat-i-Islam by Subhi Mehmasani.
The Early Development of Islamic Jurisprudence by Dr. Ahmed Hassan
Islam ka Nizami-i-Hakoomat by Maulana Hamid-al-Ansari Ghazi.
The Mulim conduct of state by Dr. Hamid Ullah
Islamic Jurisprudence by kemal A.Faruki
Reconstruction of Legal Thought in Islam by Dr. Riaz-ul-Hassan Gilani
Islamic Jurisprudence by Imran Ahsan Niazi.

Back to Top Paper-II ISLAMIC JURISPRUDENCE
(100 MARKS)
Course Contents
History of the growth of the Muslim Legal System
Various Schools of Islamic Law
Sources of Law
The Qur’an and the Traditions
Ijma and Customs
Juristic Deduction
Qiy’as or Analogy
Istehsan or Juristic Equity
Istedlal
Ijtehad and Taqlid
Acts, Rights and Obligations
Legal Capacity
Ownership and Possession
Constitutional Law
Muslim International Law
Law of Contract
Islamic Law of Crimes and Torts

THE FOLLOWING BOOKS MAY BE ADDED TO THE READING LIST:
The early development of Islamic Jurisprudence by Ahmed Hassan.
A History of Islamic Law by N J Coulson
Islamic Jurisprudence by Imran Ahmed Nyazee


Back to Top Paper-III CONSTITUTIONAL LAW-I
(100 MARKS)
1. The British Constitutional - 50 Marks
2. The Constitutional of the USA - 50 Marks

COURSE CONTENTS
All contents of British and Constitution of United States are given as under:

PRINCIPLES OF BRITISH CONSTITUTION

Salient features pf the British Constitution
Difference between constitution & Constitutional Law
Source and nature of the British Constitution
Separation of Powers
The Rule of Law
Parliamentary Supremacy
British Constitutional Convention
Royal Prerogatives
British Cabinet
British Parliament
Privileges of the Parliament
Fundamental Rights and Human rights Act, 1998
Freedom of Expression
Judiciary
Impact of European Union

CONSTITUTION OF UNITED STATES:
Brief History of Conventions leading The Passing of American Constitution
Important Characteristics / Salient Features
Human Rights Bill-Civil Liberties
Ratification of the Constitution
Federalism
Congress, its two Houses – Legislative Procedure
Senate and Effectiveness of its Control
Separation of Powers
President-His election, Powers and checks on him
i. Judiciary
ii. Judicial Review
Rigidity-Procedure of amendments

BOOKS RECOMMENDED
The English Constitutions by begehot.
Law of the Constitutional by Dicey
The Government of England by Lowell
The Govt. of USA by Munro
The American Political System by Brogen
The American Presidency by Lasaki
The Supreme Court of United States by warren

Back to Top PAPER-IV LAW OF CONTRACT
(100 MARKS)
1. Contract Act, 1872- 80 Marks
2. The Sale of Goods Act, 1930 - 20 Marks

Course Contents

Preliminary General Principles
Formation of the Contract
Communication, Acceptance and Revocation of Proposals
Contracts, Voidable Contracts and Void Agreements
Contingent Contracts
Performance of Contracts
Of certain relations resembling those created by contracts
The Breach of Contract its Consequences and remedies
Indemnity and guarantee
Bailments
Agency

Sale of Goods:s
General Principles
Formation of the Contract of Sale
Subjection-matter of the contract
Condition and Warranties
Sale by Sample and Description
Auction Sale
Transfer of Property
Delivery and Payment of Price
Title
Performance of the Contract
Rights of Unpaid Seller
Breach of the Contract and remedies

Back to Top PAPER-V LAW OF TROTS
(100 MARKS)
COURSE CONTENTS

All contents of britosh and Constitution of United States are given as under:

Law of torts
Definition of Tort
Difference between Tort and Crime; Tort and Breach of Contract
Essentials of Tort
Personal Disabilities
Discharge of Tort
Exceptions of Tort
Master and Servant
Remedies
Measurement of Damages
Remoteness of Damages
Defamation-Essential of Libel and Slander, Defences
Negligence and Contributory Negligence
Negligence; Pubic Nuisance and Private Nuisance
Malicious Prosecution
Fraud and Misrepresentation
Assault. Battery and Malice
Wrongful Confinement
Subrogation
Books Recommended
Windfield on Torts.
R.K. Kapoor on Law of Tort
Salmond on Torts.
A M Chaudhry on Law of Torts.
Law of Torts by Underhill.

Back to Top PAPER-VI CRIMINAL LAW
(100 MARKS)
The Pakistan Penal Code, 1860 And the Hudood Laws, 1979

COURSE CONTENTS
Definition of Crime, Nature and History of Crime, cause of crime, crime and Tort, Functions of Criminal law, Criminal Liability, Actus reue, Mens reaintention, knowledge, Motive, Principles of Participation, negligence Recklessness, Strict Liability; General defences, Preliminary offences, Sexual offences, Assault, battery, Hurt, Homicide, Offences against property. Offences affecting the public Health, Safety, Convenience, decency and morals.
BOOKS RECOMMENDED
Smith and Hoggen on English Criminal Law.
Cross and Jones on English Criminal Law
M H Nizami on Pakistan Penal Code.
Shoukat Mahmood on Pakistan Penal Code.
The Pakistan penal Code, 1860

THE PAKIST5AN PENAL CODE, 1860 OMITTING THE FOLLOWING CHAPTERS:

Chapter VII (Offences relating to the Army, Navy and Air Force)
Chapter IX-A (Offences relating to Elections)
Chapter XII (Offences relating to Coins and government stamps)
Chapter XIII (Offences relating to weight and measures)
Chapter-XIII (Offences relating to documents and to trade or property marks)
HUDOOD LAWS

Course Contents

Offences Against Property (Enforcement of Hudood ) Ord , 1979
The Offence of Zina ( Enforcement of Hudood) Ord , 1979
The Offence of Qazf (Enforcement of Hadd) Ord. 1979
The Prohibition (Enforcement of Hudood) Ord. 1979

Back to Top PAPER-VII LAW OF EQUITY AND SPECIFIC RELIEF
(100 MARKS)
1. Maxims of Equity - 40 Marks
2. The Specific Relief Act, 1877 - 60 Marks

Course Contents

Maxims of Equity
The Specific Relief Act, 1877

LL.B.-II


Back to Top PAPER-I CONSTITUTIONAL LAW-II
(100 MARKS)
The Constitutional of Pakistan, 1973                                                     100 Marks


Course Contents
The Constitution of the Islamic republic of Pakistan 1973, as amended up to date.

Books Prescribed
Constitution of Pakistan by Shaukat Mahmood
Constitution Law of Pakistan by Shabbar Raza Rizvi
Constitution of Pakistan by Ahmer Fazeel.

Back to Top PAPER-II ADMINISTRATIVE LAW
(100 MARKS)
1. Administrative Law - 60Marks
2. Laws of Civil Service - 40 Marks


Course Contents
General Principles of Administrative Law;
Administrative act, delegated legislation, administrative discretion, judicial review of the administrative act discretion, administrative tribunals and ombudsman.

Laws of Civil Service. Civil Servants Act, 1973 Federal Service Tribunal. 1973 Government Servants (E&D) Rules, 1973 and Civil Servants (Conduct) Rule 19.

The Constitution of the Islamic republic of Pakistan 1973, as amended up to date.

Books Recommended
Administrative Law by HWR Wade
Principles of Administrative Law by Griffith, J A G
Principles of Administrative Law by Jain and Jain
Principles of Administrative by Asrdley, D C M
Administrative Law by Faulkes, David
Principles of Administrative Law by Hamid Khan
Administrative Law by Prof. Sathe
Administrative Law by Prof. Chakrwati Civil Service law and Practice by Masud-ul-Hassan.
Manual of Civil Services Law by Janjua, Z I.
Civil Services Laws by Nisar Ahmad.


Back to Top PAPER-III COMPANY LAW
(100 MARKS)
1. Companies Ordinance, 1984 - 80 Marks
2. The Partnership Act, 1930 - 20 Marks

Course Contents
Company Law
Historical background
Kinds of companies
Differences between a company and other associations
Formation of Company
Promoters, Pre-Contracts
Articles and Memorandum of Association
Prospectus
Membership
Capital, Share, Stock, Mortgages
Management, Directors
Meeting, Resolutions
Audit and Accounts
Winding up, Kinds
Consequences of winding up and dissolution

Back to Top PAPER-IV LAW OF TRANSFER OF PROPERTY
(100 MARKS)
1. The Transfer of property Act, 1882 80 Marks
2. The Registration Act, 1908 20 Marks

COURSE CONTENTS
Principles and the detailed provisions of all the acts as indicated above.
BOOKS PRESCRIBED
Transfer of Property Act (Commentary) by Shaukat Mahmood.
Transfer of Property Act (Commentary) by Dr C M Hanif.
Transfer of Property Act (Commentary) by I A Kazi.
The Registration Act by Shaukat Mehmood.


 Back to Top PAPER-V MUSLIM PERSONAL LAW
(100 MARKS)
BREAK-UP AND COURSE CONTENTS
Muslim Personal Law and Law of Inheritance, in light of he Qur’anic Verses and relevant enactment such as:
i. The Dissolution of Muslim Marriages Act, 1939
ii. The Muslim Family Laws Ordinance, 1961
iii. West Pakistan Muslim Personal Law (Shariat) Application Act , 1962
iv. The Guardians and Wards Act, 1890( Only Ss. 7 , 8 , 12 , 25)
1. Marriage
2. Dower
3. Mode of the Dissolution of Marriage
4. Iddat
5. Maintenance
6. Parentage-Legitimacy and acknowledgement
7. Guardianship of Person and property
8. Gifts
9. Wakfs
10. Wills
11. Inheritance-General Rules
12. Sunni Law of Inheritance
13. Shia Law of Inheritance
BOOKS RECOMMENDED
Outline of Mohammadan Law by A A Fyzee.
Islamic Law Theory and Practice by Aziz Ahmed
Islamic Law by D F Mulla
Islamic Law by Syed Amir Ali.
Islamic Law by Dr. Muhammad Hamid Ullah
Islamic Law of Inheritance by Hamid Khan.

 Back to Top PAPER-VI PUBLIC INTERNATIONAL LAW
(100 MARKS)
COURSE CONTENTS

Nature, Origin and Basis of International Law
Material Source of International Law
Subjects of International Law
Relation between International State law
States in General
Recognition
State Territorial Sovereignty
State Jurisdiction
State Responsibility
Succession to Rights and obligation
The State and the individual
The State and the Economic Interest
Diplomatic Envoys, Councils and other representatives
The Law and Practice as to Treaties
The International +Disputes
War, Armed Conflicts and other Hostilities
Neutrality
International Humanitarian Law
International Institute including international Criminal Court
BOOKS RECOMMENDED
Principles of public International Law by Brownie,
International Law by Oppenheiun , Vol.I & II Edited by H. Lauter Pacht
Introduction to International Law by J G Strake.
Law of Nations, Brierly, J L.
International aw by Schwazanberger
International Law by Tandon
International Law by DH Harris.
International Humanitarian Law- A compilation of selected Texts by ICRC-Pakistan
International Institutions by D W Bowett.

 Back to Top PAPER-VII CONSTITUTIONAL HISTORY OF PAKISTAN
(100 MARKS)
Salient features of the Government of India Act 1935
Indian Independence Act 1947
Objectives Resolution, 1949
Report of the Basic Principles Committee Draft Constitution of 1954
Salient Feature of the 1956 Constitution
Constitution Commission of 1960 (Shahabuddin Commission)
Salient features of the 1962 Constitution
Abrogation of the Constitutions and the Martial Laws
Legal Framework Order, 1970
The Interim Constitutions of 1972
Fifth and Sixth Constitutional Amendments in the 1973 Constitution
The PCO of 1981
HE RCO of 1985
The Eight Amendments
THE LFO-2002 and the Seventeenth Amendment, 2003

CASES
Maulvi Tamizuddin Khan v. Federation of Pakistan PLD 1955 Sindh 96
Federation of Pakistan vs. Maulvi Tamizuddin Khan
Reference by the Governor-General PLD 1955 FC 435
State V. Dosso PLD 1958 SC533
Usif Patel V. Crown PLD 1955 FC 387
Begum Nusrat Bhutto v. Chief of the Army Staff PLD 1977 SC657
Hakim Khan Government of Pakistan PLD 1992 SC 585
Nawaz Sharif v. President of Pakistan PLD 1993 SC 473
Benazir Bhutto v. The President of Pakistan PLD 1992 SC 492
Khawaja Muhammad Sharif, PLD 1988 Lah. 725
Federation of Pakistan v. Haji Saifullah Khan PLD 1989 SC166
Khawaja Ahmad Tariq Rahim PLD 1992 SC 646
Benazir Bhutto v. President of Pakistan. PLD 1998 SC 388
Asma Jilani v. Government of the Punjab PLD 1972 SC 139
Mir Hassan…
State v. Zia ur Rehman PLD 1973 SC 49
Mahmood Khan Achakzai v. Fed. of Pakistan PLD 1997 SC
Zafar Ali Shah case, 2000
BOOKS RECOMMENDED
Constitutional Development of Pakistan by GW Chaudhry
Constitutional Documents of Pakistan by Safdar Mahmood
Constitutional and Political History of Pakistan by Hamid Khan
Book by Justice M. Munir
Khalid Bin Sayed.

LL.B.-III



 Back to Top PAPER-I LAW OF CIVIL PROCEDURE
(100 MARKS)
All provisions of the civil Procedure code and limitation Act
1. The Civil Procedure Code-1908 [ 80Marks ]
2. The Limitation Act 1908 [ 20Marks ]

COURSE CONTENTS
All provisions of the Civil Procedure Code. 1908 and
All sections of the Limitation Act, 1908. Excluding the Schedule
BOOKS RECOMMENDED
Civil Procedure Code Commentary by Aamer Raza A Khan
Civil Procedure Code Commentary by Nizami.
Civil Procedure Code by Shaukat Mahmood.
Limitation Act 1908 Commentary by A M Chaudhry


 Back to Top PAPER-II CRIMINAL PROCEDURE CODE AND MEDICAL JURISPRUDENCE
(100 MARKS)
1. The Criminal; Procedure Code 1898 [ 80 Marks ]
2. Medical Jurisprudence [ 20 Marks ]

COURSE CONTENTS
1. All provisions of Criminal procedure code 1908 as amended up to date
2. Medical Jurisprudence with reference to Autopsy and Physical Injuries

BOOKS RECOMMENDED
Criminal Procedure code commentary by M.H Nizami
Criminal Procedure code by Shaukat Mehmood
Medical Jurisprudence by Jhala and Raja
Medical Jurisprudence for India by Lyon, I B.
Textbook of Medical Jurisprudence Toxicology by Modi, N J
Textbook of Medical Jurisprudence & Toxicology Parikh
Medical jurisprudence by Taylor , A.S



 Back to Top PAPER-III LAW OF EVIDENCE AND LEGAL ETHICS
(100 MARKS)

1.         Qanoon-e-Shahadat (Order), 1984                                          80 Marks
2.         Legal Ethics                                                                              20 Marks

COURSE CONTENTS
1. All Provisions of Qanoon-e-Shahadat 1984 as amended up to-date
2. Legal Practitioners and Bar Council Act, 1973 (Sc 22-28 and 41-47)
3. Chapters on Professional Ethics Contained in the Legal Practitioners and Bar Councils Rules, 1976

BOOKS RECOMMENDED
Munir on evidence up dated by justice (R) Khalil ur Rehman Khan
Law of Evidence by Munir
Law of Evidence by Best
Law by Evidence by Phipson
Law of Evidence by M. Mehmood
Qanoon-e-Shahadat by Dr.Hamidullah
Principles of Legal Ethics by Prof. Dr C.M Hanif
Professional Ethics of the Bar by Anand, C L
Road to Justice by Lord Denning
A Study of Legal Ethics by Jessup, HW


 Back to Top PAPER-IV LEGAL DRAFTING
(100 MARKS)

1.   Conveyancing                           50 Marks
2.   Pleadings                                  50 Marks


COURSE CONTENT
Drafting by i.C Desouza (Omitting chapter I & II, Part-II) (Major Petitions to Courts).
Precedents in India With Precendts by Sir C. Walsh and J.C Weir
Dastaweznavisi by penna Lal in Urdu (Latest Edition) only the following 75 forms are prescribed.
Receipts No.1
Bonds No. 1-2-6-9
Agreement 1-5-6-10
Mukhtarnama 1-2-3
Bainama 1-4-20-23
Rahn Nama 1-2-3-5-6-7-9-13
Exchange 1-2-3
Hiba Nama 1-2-3
Talaq Nama 1-2-3-4
Wills 1-2-4-5
Partnership Deed 1-3
Dedication 1-2-8
Settlement 1-2
Bonds 3
Adoption 1-4
Marriage 1-2-3
Arbitration 1-2-3
Notice 1-3-5-8-12-13
Musawada 1-2-3-4
Promissory Note 1-2-3-4
Patta 1-6(b)
BOOKS RECOMMENDED
Law of Pleading by Inaytullah.
Conveyancing by inaytullah, M
Mogah on Pleadings
Mogah on Conveyncing
Pleadings in India with Precedents by Sir C Walsh & j C Weir.
Dastaweznavisi by Penna Lal in Urdu (Latest edition)
Drafting by IC DeSouza (Omitting Chapters I &II Part-II (Major petitions to courts)
Law of Interpretation by Maxwell and craze
Interpretation of Statutes by Chowdhry
Interpretation of Pakistan Statutes by Kazi Mohammad Ashraf
Interpretation of Statutes by Mazharuddin Ahmad.


 Back to Top PAPER-V INTERPRETATION OF STATUTES
(100 MARKS) 1. Interpretation of Statutes-Maxwell (80 marks )
2. General Clauses Act, 1897.(20 marks )



 Back to Top OPTIONAL PAPERS:
Students will be required to choose two out of the following eight papers (subjects to the availability of qualified teacher)
Optional Paper-I Intellectual Property Laws
Optional Paper-II Environmental Laws
Optional Paper-III Banking Laws
Optional Paper-IV Labour Laws
Optional Paper-V Taxation Laws
Optional Paper-VI Land Laws
Optional Paper-VII Minor Acts
Optional Paper-VIII Human Rights.



 Back to Top OPTIONAL PAPER-I: INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY LAWS
(100 MARKS)

COURSE CONTENTS
The Course will consist of four components in relation to the Laws relating to Patents, Designs, Trade Marks and Copyrights.


PATENTS, DESIGN, TRADE MARKS AND COPYRIGHT LAW

INTRODUCTION TO INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY LAWS:
A brief overview of the term “intellectual property”, a comparison between its four branches and definitions thereof.

PATENTS LAW

Procedure for Obtaining a Design Registration
Concept of novelty, patentable inventions, procedure for obtaining patent rights, term and renewals.
EFFECTIVE OF OBTAINING PATENT RIGHTS
Privileges of acquiring patent rights such as assignments, licensing and infringement proceedings; revocation of patents.
DESIGN LAWS
PROCEDURE FOR OBTAINING A PATENT
Concept of novelty and originality, procedure for obtaining design protection, term and renewals
EFFECTIVE OF OBTAINING PATENT RIGHTS
Privileges of acquiring design rights such as assignments, licensing and infringement proceedings; cancellation of registered designs.
TRADE MARKS LAW
PROCEDURE FOR OBTAINING REGISTRATION OF A TRADE MARK
Procedure for obtaining registration with reference to goods and services; distinctiveness of a trade mark and prohibition as to registration ; opposition and rectification proceedings; duration and renewal of registration.
ENFORCEMENT OF TRADE MARK RIGHTS
Infringement proceedings; passing off action
ASSIGNMENT , LICENSING AND REGISTERED USER
Assignment of registered and unregistered trade marks; standard terms and conditions of a license agreement; registration of registered user; and right of registered user to file infringement proceedings.
COPY RIGHT LAWS
COPYRIGHT, OWNERSHIP OF COPYRIGHT AND RIGHTS OF THE OWNER
Works in which copyright subsists; first owner of copyright, term of copyright.
REGISTRATION AND LICENSING OF COPYRIGHT
Procedure of obtaining copyright registration; registration of assignment ; licenses by owners and compulsory license.
ENFORCEMENT OF COPYRIGHT
When copyright infringed; certain acts not infringement of copyright; powers and functions of Copyright Board.
INTERNATIONAL TREATIES AND CONVENTIONS
TRIPS Agreement, Paris Convention, Patents Cooperation Treaty, Universal Convention on Copyrights Berne Convention, etc
LEADING CASES

REFERENCES

PATENTS

Patents for inventions.
Fifth Edition by T.A. Blanco While.
Terrell on the Law of Patents
Fifteenth Edition.
Intellectual Property (Third Edition) by W.R. Cornish.
Patents Law by P. Narayanan (Third Edition)

DESIGNS
1. Russel Clarke on Copyrights and Industrial Designs By Michael Fysh (Fifth Edition).


TRADEMARK

Trade and Merchandize marks act by Dr. S. Venkateshwaran.
Kerly on Trade Marks and Trade Names
Law of Trade Marks and Passing off By P Narayanan

COPYRIGHT
Copyright Law by P. Narayanan. Published by Eastern Law House Calcutta.
International Copyright by Stewart.
Skone James and Copinger on Copyrights.


 Back to Top OPTIONAL PAPER-II ENVIRONMENY LAW
(100 MARKS)
COURSE CONTENTS

I). Introduction

Introduction
Historical background
Practical significance / Multidisciplinary aspect connection with human rights
Source
Ethics
Islamic provisions on environmental law
World Conservation Strategies, National conversation Strategy,
Provincial Conservation Strategies
National Biodiversity Action Plan
Principles
Precautionary
Polluter Pays
Inter-generational equity
Prevention
Cooperation / mutual assistance
Sovereignty
Theories of enforcement and compliance
II) International

Soft Law (e.g., Stockholm, Rio)
Multilateral agreements
Biodiversity (5 conventions)
Marine (e.g., Los MARPOL)
Desertification (CCD)
Climate (e.g., FCCC, Kytoto)
Air (e.g., Vienna, Montreal)
Waste (e.g., Basel)
Nuclear
Trade (e.g. WTO, TRIPS)
Dispute resolution
INGOs
ISO 14000

III) Regional
Soft Law (e.g., Langkawi Declaration)
Agreement
ASEAN
S.ASIAN Regional Seas
Indus Basin Commission
Mekong River Commission
Marine Turtles
Aquaculture
Antiquities
Institutional infrastructure
ASEAN
SAARC Law
SACEP
UNEP / ESCAP
IV) NATIONAL
Constitutional
1956, 1962, 1973
Statutory
a) Federal
Easement Act
PEPA 1997
NEQS
Sectoral
b) Provincial
Case Law / Common Law
Institutional infrastructure
a) Federal
PEPC
EPA
Judiciary
b) Provincial
EPA
Sustainable Development Funds
Tribunals
Enforcement / Compliance
i. Theory
ii. Market Instrument
iii. Practice
Techniques
i. EIA / IIE
ii. Procedural / Practical
V) CONCLUSION
1. Limitations
Law reform



 Back to Top OPTIONAL PAPER-III BANKING LAWS
(100 MARKS)
COURSE CONTENTS
Relevant provisions of the following Laws.

The State Bank of Pakistan Act, 1956
The Banking Companies Ordinance, 1962
The Modarba Companies and Modarba (Floation and Control) Ordinance, 1980
The Financial Institutions (recovery of Finances) Ordinance, 2001
The Negotiable Instruments Act, 1881 (All Provisions Sections 1-60, 82-85A and 122-131 of the act)

 Back to Top OPTIONAL PAPER-IV LABOUR LAW
(100 MARKS)

COURSE CONTENTS
The charter of the I L O
The industrial Relation Ordinance, 2002
The WP Industrial and Commercial Establishments (Standing Orders) Ordinance 1968


 Back to Top OPTIONAL PAPER-V: TAXATION LAWS
(100 MARKS)
1. The Income Tax Ordinance, 2001- [ 80 Marks ]
2. The Sales Tax Act, 1990 - [ 20MArks ]

COURSE CONTENTS
All provisions in the relevant enactments


 Back to Top OPTIONAL PAPER-VI LAND LAWS
(100 MARKS)
1. WP Land Revenue Act 1967 - [ 60 Marks ]
2. Pre-Emption Laws - [ 20 Marks ]
3. Tenancy Laws - [ 20 Marks ]

COURSE CONTENTS
All Provisions of the relevant enactments
Relevant Provisions of local laws
 Back to Top OPTIONAL PAPER-VII: MINOR ACTS
(100 MARKS)
1. The ArbitrationAct, 1940 (40Marks)
2. The Suit ValuationAct,1887 (20Marks)
3. The Court Fee Act, 1870 (20Marks)
4. Rent Laws (20Marks)
COURSE CONTENTS
All provisions of the relevant enactments
Relevant Rent Laws applicable in the respective areas


AIM & OBJECTIVES
Human Rights Law is a distinct area of law and raises a number of challenging questions for lawyers: how can international human rights standards be implemented across diverse cultures, nations religions, economic systems? What rights and responsibilities does the individual have under international law? What is the relationship between state sovereignty and human rights? These question are a matter of concern not only to international lawyers but also to all those interested in understanding the difficulties that arise in proctecting human rights at an international level.

Part one of the Human Rights course introduces students to the international system for the protection of human rights as developed through the United Nations system post-1945. Student are introduced to the theoretical and practical problem that arise when attempting to enforce international standard for the protection of human rights


COURSE CONTENTS
Historical development of International Human Rights Law
The Normative Framework of international Human Rights Law: The UN System for the Protection of Human Rights
Regional Systems for human Rights Protection:
Inter-American System
African Charter of Human ad Peoples Rights
European Human Rights System
A regional Human Rights approach to Human rights in Asia
Universalism and cultural Relativism: Contemporary Debates
Human Rights in Islam

SELECTED TOPICS
The Death Penalty in International Law
The right to the highest attainable standard of health
The prohibition of torture in international Human rights laws
Racism and international Law: the UN convention on the Elimination of All forms of Racial Discrimination: Racism and International Human Rights Law
Discrimination Against women and international Human Rights Law
The Rights of Refugees in International Law
Children’s rights in international Law
Terrorism and Human Rights
The International Criminal Court

RECOMMENDED TEXTBOOKS
Rehman J International Human Rights Law (Longman: 2002).
Alston and Steiner International Human Rights in Context: law, Politics and morals, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2000 (2nd Edition).
Blackstone’s International Human Rights Documents (4th ed.) 2004 (for exam use)

OTHER USEFUL READINGS
Robertson G, Crimes against humanity: the struggle for global justice (2nd ed. 2002)
Harris D J, Cases and Materials in international Law (5th ed.) Chapter 9.avaliable Online http://www.hrw.org
Amnesty International World Report http://www.amnesty.org
Cassese A, International Law (2002), Ch.16.
Charleswroth and chinkin, The Boundaries of international Law (2000) ch.7.

PERIODICALS
Human Rights Quarterly
International and Comparative Law Quarterly (ICLQ)
American Journal of International Law (AJIL)
International Legal Materials (ILM) (includes international legal instruments and case reports)
Harvard Human Rights Journal (available on LEXIS-NEXIS)
Columbia Journal of Human Rights Law (available on LEXIS-NEXIS)
Reports. Judgments and Advisory Opinions of the International Court of Justice, ICJ Reps, Q+1 also Available at http://www.icj-cij.org

 Back to Top RECOMMENDED WEBSITES

UN RESOURCES
http://www.un.org (United Nations)
http://www.un.org/rights (United Nations, Human Rights)
http://www.unhchr.ch (office of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights)
http://www.unhchr.ch/data.htm (Date Search on UN Human Rights documents, both treaty-based and charter-based)
http://www.unhcr.ch (UN High Commissioner for refugees)


NON-GOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATIONS
http://www.hrw.org (Human rights Watch, an International non-governmental organization)
http://www.amnesty.org (Amnesty International)


OTHER LINKS
http://www1.umn.edu/humanrts/ (University of Minnesota Human Rights Library)
http://irlgov.ie/iveagh (Irish Govt, Dept of Foreign affairs, Human Rights Unit-click on Human Rights-under Polices, this Site include links to both International and national human rights websites)
http://www.iccl.ie (Irish Council for Civil Liberties)
http://www.nihrc.org (Northern Irish Human Rights Commission-includes excellent links to other Human rights internet resources)
http://www.umn.edu/humanrts/index.html (University of Minnesota, Human Rights Library and Database, excellent research resources)
http://www.asil.org (American Society of International Law. The Guide to Electronic Resources available at this site includes an annotated guide to human rights internet resources)

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